2012年4月24日 星期二

He is the “King Of The B's”﹗——《羅渣哥曼 B 片天王》(Corman's World: Exploits of a Hollywood Rebel)

他平生拍過五十五部電影,監製影片逾百,從五十年代到今天,孜孜不倦,永不言休;他的電影每格菲林都充滿剝削氣息,每隔數分鐘必出現祼女或血漿,然而低俗不等於就是劣品,胡鬧過癮得來常現驚人創意;他在六十年代初首拍批判種族歧視的影片《入侵者》(The Intruder,1962),成為業界先河,同時又拍過數部幾可說是歷來最佳的改編愛倫.坡(Edgar Allan Poe)小說的影片,包括《頹敗之屋》(Fall of the House of Usher,1960)與《麗姬亞之墓》(The Tomb of Ligeia,1965),部部技巧圓熟,難得的是堅持低成本攝製,手腳奇快,最癲試過兩日拍完一部電影,竟然從未拍過蝕本戲,唔到你唔信,唔到你唔服。愛拍海底怪獸與野性天使的他,其實是個機智紳士,快人快語兼獨具慧眼,選中的助導與演員許多後來都成為一代大師與巨星,馬田史高西斯(Martin Scorsese)、哥普拉(Francis Ford Coppola)、占士金馬倫(James Cameron)、羅拔迪尼路(Robert De Niro)與積尼高遜(Jack Nicholson)等全都曾經是他的合作夥伴或高徒,如此陣容,猶勝無數著名電影學院,而經他發行到美國的各國電影傑作,更開啟了飛車黨少年的眼界,連英瑪褒曼(Ingmar Bergman)都要寫信答謝。雖然最近十年產量稍減,大眾似乎漸漸遺忘了他,在影迷心目中,他依然是永遠的 “King Of The B's”——羅渣哥曼(Roger Corman)。你不認識他是誰?快點惡補他的電影吧﹗
今年香港國際電影節選映的《羅渣哥曼 B 片天王》(Corman's World: Exploits of a Hollywood Rebel,dir: Alex Stapleton,2011),顧名思義,正是向這位電影天王致敬之作。即使平鋪直敘,羅渣哥曼好玩的一生怎樣拍都是好玩的。雖然他專拍剝削電影,但荷里活人人對他無比尊敬,正是因為他敢於創新,在片廠制度尚未分崩離析之前就已走獨立製作的路,而且他善於掌握潮流氣息,例如現在被視為開啟新荷里活時代的《逍遙騎士》(Easy Rider,dir: Dennis Hopper,1966),其故事題材與演員班底,其實都來自他稍早拍的《野性天使》(The Wild Angels,1966),人人都受惠於他的破禁精神。即使成本再低,僅以三萬美金,兩日一夜,他也拍得出奇片《恐怖小屋》(The Little Shop of Horrors,1960),今天無數所謂低成本電影,水準都遠有不如,只是影碟堆填區的垃圾。“Other writers, producers, and directors of low-budget films would often put down the film they were making, saying it was just something to make money with. I never felt that. If I took the assignment, I'd give it my best shot.” 羅渣哥曼的敬業精神與導演功力,就是最挑剔的影評人也不能否定。前年他獲奧斯卡頒贈終身成就獎,也算是業界對他一份遲來的敬意了。這部《羅渣哥曼 B 片天王》是挺不錯的,可惜沒提到我最喜歡的《電睛怪客》(X: The Man with the X-Ray Eyes,1963),何謂第一流的低成本科幻驚悚片,看看這部戲就知道了。
“It would be hard to produce a boring Corman tribute, as the film clips and inevitably motley collection of A- and B-lister testimonials could more or less do a director's work for them, but Corman's World also has a shocking emotional weight... The film asserts, perhaps inarguably, that Corman is nothing less than one of the most influential American filmmakers of all time and that he was capable of a legitimately good movie when he wanted to be... Corman's World isn't just another slick collection of talking heads, but an elegiac ode to a lost era that may have been ushered in by a man with a camera and a couple of dime store creature suits.”- Chuck Bowen, Slant Magazine

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