2012年3月10日 星期六

Integrity matters. Dignity matters. Our future depends on it——《選戰風雲》(The Ides of March)

  今年是全球大選年,政治醜聞日日都有,我城的特首選戰更到了白熱化階段,黑材料盡出,兩大陣營背後的政治、財閥、傳媒甚至江湖勢力逕相混戰,兇狠赤裸得有如杜琪峰的《黑社會》(Election,2005),看這部同樣以政治選舉的齷齪現實為題材的《選戰風雲》(The Ides of March,dir: George Clooney,2011),不單應景,更可得到不少啟發。本片由賴恩高斯寧(Ryan Gosling)、菲臘西摩荷夫曼(Philip Seymour Hoffman)、保羅哲阿馬提(Paul Giamatti)與佐治古尼(George Clooney)等人出演,這樣的陣容(片中還有許多好演員)即使稱不上有今生冇來世,也絕對是一時無兩。佐治古尼不是初次執導了,功夫雖談不上頂尖,但也決非庸手,既懂得發揮演員潛質,好幾場戲也確實拍得很有逼力,例如菲臘西摩荷夫曼炒賴恩高斯寧魷魚的一場,簡簡單單的正反打鏡頭,看兩人言語交鋒,純以眉山、腔調與態勢語展現個人立場與身處形勢,沒有擠眉弄眼也不必高聲叫喊,沉穩自然,教人信服讚歎,難怪不少香港市民笑稱寧願劉德華當特首,就是因為這些一流演員的應對技巧確實比許多養尊處優不恤民情的官商得體得多。
不過本片演員表現雖然一流,但弱點也頗為明顯,這並非在於故事不夠爾虞我詐勾心鬥角(扭盡六壬互鬥也不代表戲一定好看),而是這些政治人物所犯的錯誤未免低級了點。政界的桃色醜聞歷年屢見不鮮,但選總統的寶座未定,還有餘暇搞女實習生,當然離譜(影片中就透過角色之口道出 “You can lie, you can cheat, you can start a war, you can bankrupt the country, but you can't fuck the interns.” 的政治真諦),但這也不算奇事,好色總統在所多有,他們道德無疑有虧,但至少不如唐唐的婚外情醜聞之越揭越臭,應對又那麼拙劣。倒是賴恩高斯寧飾演的選舉公關竟然私自與敵營主事會面,「政治敏感度」如此不足,就太過不合情理了,更何況他是眾人口中的政界天才新星呢。“There's only one thing I value and that's loyalty. And without it, you're nothing”,菲臘西摩荷夫曼指責他的這句話實在鏗鏘有力,蓋因政界可以又黑又臭,亂搞男女關係的人也可能存活下來,換句話說無論是有錢有權有才有德也好,都未必能教人信任,唯有「忠誠」能得人心與尊重,無信者就甚麼都不是了。當然,正如影片所呈現的,現實與理想總是有距離的,成王者可能連忠誠都不必有,這才是最教人心寒之處。可是賴恩高斯寧本來胸懷理想,一夜之間為求自保力爭上位變得六親不認,這並非不合理,只是稍嫌心理描寫不足,未能逐步逐步刻劃出他心底越燒越旺的權力慾,實在是挺可惜的。無論如何,看《選戰風雲》,至少也可體會到西方社會選戰之規模,其層層羅網,無所不到,即使手段骯髒醜惡,始終有嚴謹制度保持透明與公正,任何一個細節都值得學習,至少賴恩高斯寧要提公款給女實習生墮胎,都要想辦法處理申報問題,可見人家縱要犯罪,制度上仍有重重關卡封擋,想搞小圈子遊戲都沒有那麼容易的。
“Although the movie stars George Clooney, well-known as a Democrat, it doesn't target or even really consider Republicans. It takes place entirely within a Democratic primary campaign, and although our feelings about who is good and bad may evolve, they're all Democrats... The movie really reveals no new information. Now that campaign managers shuffle between cable news shows and write their own books, few secrets stay in smoke-filled rooms (and besides, hardly anyone smokes anymore). There isn't the feeling, as there was with Primary Colors or Nixon, that we might be getting the inside story on actual candidates. The Ides of March is more about the nature of modern media politics, and younger players who are strangers to idealism.”- Roger Ebert, Chicago Sun-Times

  “For lay viewers who might be frightened away by too much inside-baseball politics, please note that the compromising positions of sexual politics receive greater emphasis than a candidate's stand on the debt ceiling. The Ides of March wants to show the kinship of politics, show business and sex: three activities that demand and reward salesmanship... With Clooney's connivance, and in a film stuffed with savvy work by veteran players, Gosling lures the movie's emotional center away from Morris and into Stephen's mind, where angels swim and demons lurk. The Ides of March says that American politics is a beachfront property with sharks surfing the waves. That makes this skeptical, savory movie a rich offering from Hollywood's liberal Ambassador, and a splendid diversion from the drab crankiness of real politics.”- Richard Corliss, Time Entertainment

  延伸閱讀︰
  安裕︰〈選戰風雲
  蔡子強︰〈成魔之路
  蔡子強︰〈The society must be better than the individual

沒有留言:

張貼留言